Urology (from the Greek uros – urine and logos – science) is a branch of medicine studying diseases of the male and female reproductive and urinary systems. Urology studies not only the physiological but also the pathological conditions of the genitourinary system of men and deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases caused by functional changes and injuries. A urologist deals with the study and treatment of various diseases of the kidneys, urinary tract, bladder and genitals in men and women. Often the treatment may include surgery.
The most common symptoms of urological diseases (adenoma, prostatitis, cystitis, urolithiasis) are:
- pain of various localization and strength
- frequency of urination
- blood or pus in the urine
Inflammatory processes in the urinary tract may be accompanied by fever and worsening of general condition. In case of such symptoms one should immediately consult a specialist in urology. Self-treatment may only worsen the patient’s condition and can lead to the transition of the disease from acute to chronic.