Dermatovenereology is the branch of medicine that studies the development of the skin, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted infections and sexually transmitted diseases.
Contemporary dermatovenereology is a vast field of medical science, which includes many methods:
- First, dermatology is engaged in the pathology of the skin and its appendages (hair, nails, sweat and sebaceous glands), and mucous membranes (mouth and genitals).
- Second, mycology is the study of fungal lesions (from those which are on the surface – keratomycosis, pityriasis versicolor, to the deep ones – sporotrichosis , chromomycosis) and dermatomycoses (skin and nails), candidiasis of the skin and mucous membranes.
- Venerology deals with sexually transmitted diseases (syphilis, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, and others) and infections transmitted primarily through sexual (chlamydia, mycoplasmosis, genital herpes, bacterial vaginosis, genital (papillomatosis) and other warts, which often appear on the skin and mucous membranes).
- The youngest branch of dermatology is nonsurgical cosmetology, which consists of therapeutic methods to improve the appearance of the skin.